Tu Viện Quảng Đức105 Lynch Rd, Fawkner, Vic 3060. Australia. Tel: 9357 3544. quangduc@quangduc.com* Viện Chủ: TT Tâm Phương, Trụ Trì: TT Nguyên Tạng   

Asoka

19/05/201112:28(Xem: 7917)
Asoka
asoka-01
Asoka, grandson of Chandragupta, was one of the first royal patrons of Buddhism. The first was, perhaps, Bimbisara, who lived at the time of the Buddha. Asoka's legend is recorded in a second century book called the "Asokavadana" which was translated into Chinese by Fa-ch'in in 300 A.D. He is also known from his edicts written on rocks and pillars throughout India.

In his youth. Asoka was known as Canda Asoka, the fierce Asoka, due to his aggressive nature. As a prince, he was appointed governor of Vidisa (modern Bhilsa) where he married a rich merchant's daughter. On hearing of his father's impending death, he hurried to the Capital, Pataliputra, where, after occupying it, he killed all of the rival princes with the exception of his own brother. This brutality met with the opposition of the populace, delaying his coronation for four years. He ascended to the throne in 270 B.C. Eight years into his reign, he invaded Kalinga (modern Orissa) killing many thousands of people in battle whilst many thousands died from the effects of the war.

This was the turning point of his life. He halted his military campaigns and, being a Buddhist, he focused his attention instead to religious conquests, known as Dharmavijaya. He appointed his officers to tour the country on religious missions. After twenty years of his reign, he visited the Buddha's birthplace at Lumbini in modern Nepal, where he erected a pillar recording his visit. He also visited Bodh Gaya, where the Buddha attained Enlightenment, as well as Sarnath, where the Buddha preached his first sermon. It was here that he erected a pillar threatening excommunication to any monk who caused a schism in the Sangha. He abandoned meat eating for himself and advocated moral values for his subjects. He also promoted tolerance towards all religions which he supported financially.

The prevalent religions of that time were the sramanas or wandering ascetics, Brahmins, Ajivakas and Jains. He recommended that all religions desist from self praise and condemnation of others. His pronouncements were written on rocks at the periphery of his kingdom and on pillars along the main roads and where pilgims gathered. He also established many hospitals for both humans and animals At one stage, he conferred many gifts on the Buddhist Sangha which resulted in the attraction to its ranks of non-Buddhist hangers-on and disreputable people looking for an easier life. This resulted in a degeneration, and lack of purity in the Sangha. He decided to rectify this problem by convening a Sangha Council at Pataliputra to determine the true nature of Dharma practice and to banish those who would not adhere to it.

Following this Council, he decided to extend his missions to other countries, which included the Ionian Greeks, Ghandar, Kashmir, the Himalayan Regions, Mysore. Ceylon. Burma, Malaya and Sumatra. He sent his son, Mahendra, and his daughter Sanghamitra to Ceylon and their visit is celebrated in Sri Lanka by public holidays to this day. His 13th Rock Edict records that he tried to spread Buddhism to the kingdoms of Antiochus II, King of Syria, Ptolemy of Egypt, Antigonos of Macedonia, Alexander of Epirus (Northern Greece) and Magas in Cyrenia (North Africa). What a difference modern history may have been had he succeeded. Under Asoka, nearly the whole of the Indian Continent was unified for the first time in history. Dharma meant for Asoka morality, active social concern, religious tolerance, ecological awareness, observance of ethical precepts and renunciation of war.
Gửi ý kiến của bạn
Tắt
Telex
VNI
Tên của bạn
Email của bạn
21/07/201002:57(Xem: 2703)
How do people manage spiritual practice with a busy working life? This was one of the questions that were put to Dr. Alan Molloy, long-time resident of Tara Institute in Melbourne, Australia. Alan has witnessed the growth of Buddhism in Australia from the late 1970s to the present and, during the interview, shared some of the highlights of his 17 years as a Buddhist.
23/11/201107:36(Xem: 1392)
How do people manage spiritual practice with a busy working life? This was one of the questions that were put to Dr. Alan Molloy, long-time resident of Tara Institute in Melbourne, Australia. Alan has witnessed the growth of Buddhism in Australia from the late 1970s to the present and, during the interview, shared some of the highlights of his 17 years as a Buddhist.
09/04/201316:17(Xem: 23535)
Yae-Hong Hsu, better known by his Buddhist name Chin Kung Shi, was born in February of 1927 in Lujiang County, Anhui Province of China. He attended the National Third Guizhou Junior High School and Nanjing First Municipal High School. In 1949, he went to Taiwan and worked in the Shijian Institution.
06/05/201408:57(Xem: 6917)
There was once the son of a Brahmin (the highest "priestly" caste in India) in the court of King Pasenadi of Kosala, whose name was Ahimsaka. He was sent to Taxila for his studies. Ahimsaka was intelligent and obedient to this teacher; therefore he was liked by both the teacher and his wife. This made the other pupils jealous of him. So they went to the teacher and falsely accused Ahimsaka of having an immoral relationship with the teacher’s wife. At first, he did not believe them, but after hearing it a number of
01/07/201417:02(Xem: 4488)
- In 1937: ordained by Most Venerable Thich Hong Xung at Van Linh Temple, Tịnh Bien District, Chau Doc Province, (today known as An Giang Pronvice), given Dharma name Nhat Binh, posthumous title Thien Chanh, under 41th generation of dòng Thiền Lâm Tế Gia Phổ.
17/01/201105:34(Xem: 2330)
Bodhidharma (483-540 AD)
11/12/201409:05(Xem: 2723)
To the south of Los Angeles is a lively independent suburb named Garden Grove. This small city with a population of around 170,000 is home to the Little Saigon of the Los Angeles region, named for the large number of Vietnamese refugees that immigrated there during the 1970s. Garden Grove has long been known as a conservative bastion with a well-run political machine that kept a tight leash on who ran the city. On 4 November by a margin of just 15 votes, Bao Nguyen beat incumbent mayor Bruce Broadwater to become one of a growing number of Buddhists now engaging in public political service in America.
01/06/201418:57(Xem: 6650)
With my heart full of my beloved Rinpoche, I would very much love for you to come to TBI so that we can commemorate the life and times of our Precious Teacher. Please come and feel the spirit, held in the lotus of compassion, of our cherished and adored spiritual guide and mentor, to TBI on Saturday 31st May, 2.00 – 5.00 pm. In our sacred gompa you will be able to pay homage to our dear founder and mentor Kybje Khensur Kangurwa Lobsang Thubten Rinpoche, who passed away peacefully on 22nd January 2014 in his home at Sera Jey Monastery, South West India.
14/09/201708:03(Xem: 2644)
Congratulatory Message on the occasion of the 7th Buddhist Summit Dear Venerables, I am very pleased to know from Ven. Chandaratana in France that the 7th Buddhist Summit will be held in November 2017 in Sri Lanka, one of the leading countries of Theravada Buddhism, for the purpose of exchanging views about the development of Buddhism around the world. I also received the information that the World Buddhist Summit Organization in Japan had undertaken the enormous task to build up a Nalanda Buddhist University in Japan. This is a great act of merit and indeed good news not only for Japanese Buddhists, but also for Buddhists throughout the world. On behalf of the Vietnamese Buddhists in Germany, I would like to take this opportunity to thank you for your great achievements and wish all participants of the 7th Buddhist Summit a successful conference and fruitful discussion. May we, Buddhists from the various traditions, always work together for the benefit of all sentien
01/05/201910:35(Xem: 1212)
Dalai Lama says he could be reincarnated in India, but Beijing says rebirth must follow Chinese rules, The Dalai Lama has warned there could be two reincarnations of Tibetan Buddhism's highest spiritual leader following his death, and that a candidate chosen by communist China was not to be trusted. The comment has prompted Beijing to say the reincarnation "must comply with Chinese laws and regulations". The 14th Dalai Lama, who fled Tibet for India 60 years ago to the day last Sunday disguised as a soldier, said he expected his reincarnated being to be discovered in India this time around.