Tu Viện Quảng Đức105 Lynch Rd, Fawkner, Vic 3060. Australia. Tel: 9357 3544. quangduc@quangduc.com* Viện Chủ: TT Tâm Phương, Trụ Trì: TT Nguyên Tạng   

Refuges and Precepts

30/06/201115:11(Xem: 2578)
Refuges and Precepts

Refuges and Precepts

The Meditation Teaching of
Venerable Ajahn Sumedho

---o0o---

 

 

The 'Going for Refuge' and taking the Precepts define a person as a practising Buddhist.

Going for Refuge gives a continual perspective on life by referring one's conduct and understanding to the qualities of Buddha (wisdom), Dhamma (truth) and Sangha (virtue). The Precepts are also for reflection and to define one's actions as a responsible human being.

There is a formal means of requesting the Refuges and Precepts from a bhikkhu or nun, which is as follows:

(A) The lay person should bow three times and, with hands in añjali[*], recite the following:

'Mayam/Aham bhante (ayye) ti-saranena saha pañca silani yacama/yacami.'
We/I, Venerable Sir (Sister), request the Three Refuges and the Five Precepts.

'Dutiyampi mayam/aham bhante (ayye) ...'
For the second time we/I ...

'Tatiyampi mayam/aham bhante (ayye) ...'
For the third time we/I ...

(B) The bhikkhu or nun will then recite the following, three times, after which the lay person should repeat three times:

'Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa.'
Homage to the Blessed One, the Noble One, and Perfectly Enlightened One.

(C) The bhikkhu or nun will then recite the following line by line, which the lay person should repeat line by line:

'Buddham saranam gacchami.'
To the Buddha I go for Refuge.

'Dhammam saranam gacchami.'
To the Dhamma I go for Refuge.

'Sangham saranam gacchami.'
To the Sangha I go for Refuge.

'Dutiyampi Buddham saranam gacchami.'
For the second time ...

'Dutiyampi Dhammam saranam gacchami.'
For the second time ...

'Dutiyampi Sangham saranam gacchami.'
For the second time ...

'Tatiyampi Buddham saranam gacchami.'
For the third time ...

'Tatiyampi Dhammam saranam gacchami.'
For the third time ...

'Tatiyampi Sangham saranam gacchami.'
For the third time ...

(D) The bhikkhu or nun then says:

'Tisarana-gamanam nitthitam.'
This completes the going to the Three Refuges.

The lay person responds:

'Ama bhante (ayye).'
Yes, Venerable Sir (Sister). 

(E) The bhikkhu or nun then recites the Precepts singly, and the lay person repeats line by line:

1. 'Panatipata veramani sikkhapadam samadiyami.'
    I undertake the precept to refrain from destroying living creatures.

2. 'Adinnadana veramani sikkhapadam samadiyami.'
    I undertake the precept to refrain from taking that which is not given.

3. 'Kamesu micchacara veramani sikkhapadam samadiyami.'
    I undertake the precept to refrain from sexual misconduct.

4. 'Musavada veramani sikkhapadam samadiyami.'
    I undertake the precept to refrain from incorrect speech.

5. 'Sura-meraya-majja-pamadatthana veramani sikkhapadam samadiyami.'
    I undertake the precept to refrain from intoxicating liquors and drugs which
    lead to carelessness. 

(F) After the Five Precepts have been taken, the bhikkhu or nun will conclude with the following:

'Imani pañca sikkhapadani
These Five Precepts

'Silena sugatim yanti,
Have morality as a vehicle for happiness,

'Silena bhogasampada,
Have morality as a vehicle for good fortune,

'Silena nibbutim yanti:
Have morality as a vehicle for liberation:

'Tasma silam visodhaye.'
Let morality therefore be purified.

(G) After taking the Precepts, the lay person then bows three times to the bhikkhu or nun.

*  *  *

A note on pronunciation: When a Pali word ends with the letter 'm', that 'm' is pronounced 'ng', as in the word 'hang'. So, for example, 'Buddham' is pronounced as 'Buddhang'.

*  *  *

Footnote:

[*Añjali: the hands are held vertically, with palms together, close to the chest. [Back to text]


Source: www.buddhismtoday.com
Update : 01-12-2001


Gửi ý kiến của bạn
Tắt
Telex
VNI
Tên của bạn
Email của bạn
29/05/201106:06(Xem: 2199)
We are here with one common interest among all of us. Instead of a room of individuals all following their own views and opinions, tonight we are all here because of a common interest in the practice of the Dhamma.
29/05/201105:34(Xem: 1773)
This paper gives an account of some of the major aspects of Buddhist psychology. The survey is confined to the texts of Early, or Theravada, Buddhism--that is, the canonical texts and their early Pali commentaries and related expository texts.
28/05/201115:08(Xem: 2061)
Among the six root afflictive emotions (nyon mongs, kle"sa) identified in the Buddhist Abhidharma literature as the causes for episodes or entire lifetimes of suffering, anger (Tibetan: khong khro, Sanskrit: pratigha) holds a singular place.
28/05/201115:05(Xem: 2758)
At 8.15 a.m. Japanese time, on August 6th 1945, a U.S. plane dropped a bomb named "Little Boy" over the center of the city of Hiroshima. The total number of people who were killed immediately and in the following months was probably close to 200,000. Some claim that this bomb and the one which fell on Nagasaki ended the war quickly and saved American and Japanese lives -- a consequentialist theory to justify horrific violence against innocent civilians. Others say the newly developed weapons had to be tested as a matter of necessity.
28/05/201115:02(Xem: 1574)
I have just returned from Tasmania after spending 3 weeks with my beloved sister Annie who had sudden surgery for a bowel blockage which turned out to be cancer. She is 42, the same age at which I was diagnosed with breast cancer now over 9 years ago and the same age at which our brother had a heart attack 2 years ago.
18/05/201102:58(Xem: 2083)
Buddhism is often understood as a religion or an ethical way of life for the Buddhists. Not so many articles consider it as a way of education. Even in a very well-known educational work entitled "Theories of Personality" by Calvin S. Hall and Gardner Lindzey, published in 1991, 3rd Edition, there is only one new chapter on "Eastern Psychology" discussing Abhidhamma, in sixteen pages, as an Eastern personality theory.
18/05/201102:55(Xem: 3380)
From the 6th to 16th of June 2007, His Holiness the Dalai Lama will visit Australia. This is his fifth trip here to teach the Buddha-Dharma. Everyone here is anxiously waiting for His arrival. His first four visits occurred in 1982, 1992, 1996 and 2002. In 2002, there were approximately 110,000 people (from cities like Geelong, Melbourne, Sydney and Canberra) who came to listen to his preaching, in order to change and develop their spiritual lives. It can be said that His Holiness the Dalai Lama is the greatest Buddhist preacher in the modern age and has written many books on Buddhism, These have attracted many western readers to read about Buddhism.
18/05/201102:53(Xem: 1721)
Abhidhamma, as the term implies, is the Higher Teaching of the Buddha. It expounds the quintessence of His profound doctrine. The Dhamma, embodied in the Sutta Pitaka, is the conventional teaching (vohāra desanā), and the Abhidhamma is the ultimate teaching(paramattha desanā)
12/05/201002:02(Xem: 7460)
The Pope, who managed to get the United Nations "International Year for Tolerance" off to a good start with the launch of his book, 'Crossing the Threshold of Hope' - Johnathan Cape, London, has demonstrated his abysmal ignorance and lack of understanding of Buddhism. Although he, with reservations, expresses guarded approval of Judaism, Hinduism and Islam, he considers Buddhism beyond the pale. He trots out the usual cliches about Buddhism being "negative" and pessimistic. What really worries him is the appeal Buddhism has to the 'Western' mind, especially to Catholics who see in Buddhist meditation techniques something that has been lost from the contemplative tradition of early Christianity. He provides no logical arguments against Buddhism but resorts to dogma to prove his point.