Tu Viện Quảng Đức105 Lynch Rd, Fawkner, Vic 3060. Australia. Tel: 9357 3544. quangduc@quangduc.com* Viện Chủ: TT Tâm Phương, Trụ Trì: TT Nguyên Tạng   

34. A Buddhism Catechism

14/05/202016:49(Xem: 1620)
34. A Buddhism Catechism

kieu tran nhu

A BUDDHIST CATECHISM

Venerable Sumangalo



Ques. 1      What is your religion?
Ans.           I am a Buddhist.

Ques. 2      What is Buddhism?
Ans.           Buddhism is the teaching of all the Buddhas.

Ques. 3      What is a Buddha?
Ans.           A Buddha is a very wise man who has freed himself from all ignorance.

Ques. 4      Is Buddha a God?
Ans.           No, He is far greater than any God or ordinary man.

Ques. 5     Why is He greater than any God or ordinary man?
Ans.          Because of His own efforts He found the Truth.

Ques. 6      Is the word Buddha a proper name?
Ans.          No, the word Buddha is not a proper name; it is a title.

Ques. 7     What does the word Buddha mean?
Ans.          The word Buddha means “The Enlightened One.”

Ques. 8     Have there been more than one Buddha?
Ans.          Yes, there have been many Buddhas.

Ques. 9     When did the Buddha live?
Ans.          He lived more than 2,500 years ago.

Ques. 10   What was he called?
Ans.          He was called Shakyamuni.

Ques. 11   What does Shakyamuni mean?
Ans.          Shakyamuni means “Wise man of the Shakyas.”

Ques. 12   What was Shakyamuni’s real name?
Ans.          Siddhartha Gautama

Ques. 13   Who were his parents?
Ans.          King Suddhodana and Queen Maya.

Ques. 14   Who did King Suddhodana rule over?
Ans.          He ruled a tribe in India called Shakya.

Ques. 15   Where was Prince Siddhattha born?
Ans.          In Lumbini’s garden

Ques. 16   When was he born?
Ans.          623 B.C. (approximately).

Ques. 17   What happened when he was born?
Ans.          Wisemen foretold that he would either become a great king or a greater teacher.

Ques. 18   What did the wise hermit Asita say about the child?
Ans.         “This child will become a supreme Buddha, and will show all men the path to Salvation.”

Ques. 19   Why did Asita weep after saying this?
Ans.          Because he would not live to see the glory of the child.

Ques. 20   Was the King glad to hear what the wise men said about his son?
Ans.          No, the King did not want his son to become a great Teacher, but a great King.

Ques. 21   What did the King do to prevent the prince from becoming a Buddha?
Ans.          He made lovely palaces, and tried to keep away knowledge of old age, sickness and death.

Ques. 22   Did this plan of the King succeed?
Ans.          No, when the prince was walking in the city, he met an old man, a sick man and a funeral.

Ques. 23   What did he think when he became aware of these things?
Ans.          How can I find a way to save all men from such suffering?

Ques. 24   What did the prince decide to do?
Ans.          To leave his home and go out and search for the way

Ques. 25   Was it hard for him to leave his home?
Ans.          Yes, because he had a beautiful wife and a dear little baby boy.

Ques. 26   Did his wife try to stop his going?
Ans.          No, because he left in the middle of the night without telling her anything.

Ques. 27   How old was he when he left home?
Ans.          Twenty-nine years old.

Ques. 28   Where did he go first?
Ans.          To a place named Rajagriha.

Ques. 29   Who visited him there?
Ans.          King Bimbisara and his court.

Ques. 30   Where di the prince go then?
Ans.          To the forests where there were wise men, whose disciple he became.

Ques. 31   What did these wise men teach?
Ans.          They taught that by prayer and by suffering the way of truth could be found.

Ques. 32   Did the prince find the truth in this way?
Ans.          No.

Ques. 33   What did he do then?
Ans.          He went to the forest and tortured his body, and ate very little food.

Ques. 34   Who joined him there?
Ans.          Five Holy men.

Ques. 35   How long did the prince continue to do these things?
Ans.          For nearly six years till he nearly died of weakness and pain.

Ques. 36   What did he do then?
Ans.          He decided to not torture himself any more, but to look for the Truth within his own mind.

Ques. 37   Did he succeed this time?
Ans.          Yes, while sitting beneath the Bodhi tree he suddenly saw all Truth.

Ques. 38   What does transcend mean?
Ans.          Transcend means to rise above and go beyond.

Ques. 39   Would you call a person a Buddhist who had merely been born of Buddhist parents?
Ans.          Certainly not, a Buddhist is one who professes a belief in the Buddha.

Ques. 40   Sum up the teaching of the Buddha in one verse.
Ans.          To cease from all evil, to attain virtue, to cleanse one’s own heart.

Ques. 41   I notice you say, religion of the Buddhas; have there been many Buddhas?
Ans.         Yes, Shakyamuni was the fourth Buddha in the present Kalpa.

Ques. 42   Who, and what, are the three guides that a Buddhist is supposed to follow?
Ans.          The three guides are Buddha, The Law and The Brotherhood.

Ques. 43   What do we mean by this?
Ans.          We mean that we regard the Lord Buddha as our all wise Teacher.

Ques. 44   How does Buddhism compare with other religions regarding the number of its followers?
Ans.          The followers of Buddha outnumber those of every other religious teacher.

Ques. 45   What is the estimated number?
Ans.          About 500,000,000 – one-third the population of the world.

Ques. 46   Have ward been fought or human blood been spilled to spread Buddha’s Law?
Ans.          So far as we know, it has not caused the spilling of a drop of blood.

Ques. 47   How then do you account for the wonderful way it has spread?
Ans.          Because founded on Truth, its moral teaching is sufficient for all needs.

Ques. 48   How did the Buddha spread his Dharma?
Ans.          For 45 years, Buddha travelled widely in preaching the Law, sending his wisest followers.

Ques. 49   Is Buddhism older than Christianity?
Ans.          Yes, about 500 years older.

Ques. 50   What are the signs by which we know that it is spreading?
Ans.          Translations of Buddhist Literature, Buddhist lecturers, and Buddhist societies.

Ques. 51   What do we mean when we say that the Buddha became Enlightened?   
Ans.          We mean that he saw the absolute Truth.

Ques. 52   What are those four truths called?
Ans.          They are called “The Four Noble Truths.”

Ques. 53   What did the Buddha mean by “All life is suffering?”
Ans.          He meant that the very fact of existence is suffering.

Ques. 54   What is the cause of suffering?
Ans.          Ignorance and desire.

Ques. 55   What does the “Cessation of suffering” mean?
Ans.          Nirvana.

Ques. 56   What is the path by which we attain Nirvana?
Ans.          The Noble Eight-fold Path.

Ques. 57   What is the Noble Eight-fold Path?
Ans.          Highest Understanding, Mindedness, Speech, Action, Livelihood, Endeavour,
                  Recollectedness and Concentration.

Ques. 58   Divide the Eight-fold Path into three divisions.
Ans.          Knowledge or Mind Culture, Realization or Wisdom, Manifestation or Morality.

Ques. 59   Which belong to the knowledge division?
Ans.          Highest Endeavour, Highest Recollectedness, Highest Concentration

Ques. 60   Which come under the heading of Realization?
Ans.          Highest Understanding, Highest Mindedness.

Ques. 61   Which come under the heading of Manifestation?
Ans.          Highest Speech, Highest Action and Highest Livelihood.

Ques. 62   What is Karma?
Ans.          Karma is the law of cause and effect.

Ques. 63   What is the meaning of Nirvana?
Ans.          Attainment of Truth.

Ques. 64   What is the ultimate goal towards which we are striving?
Ans.          We are striving to attain Salvation.

Ques. 65   What does Salvation mean?
Ans.          Freedom from ignorance, attainment of the Truth.

Ques. 66   Is knowledge sufficient without action, and inner realization of truth?
Ans.         No, knowledge must lead to correct action and inner realization.

Ques. 67   Has Buddhism any right to be considered a scientific religion?
Ans.         Yes, but Buddhism does not at all depend on science for its source of truth.

Ques. 68   Is Buddhism a tolerant religion?
Ans.          Yes, it respects everyone’s right to make their own decisions.

Ques. 69   What is a good way to describe Buddhism in a few words?
Ans.          It is a plan for living in such a way as to desire highest benefit from life.

Ques. 70    Is it likely that a passionate Buddhist could ever adopt another religion.
Ans.           No, because the Buddha-dharma answers the deepest questions of our minds and meets the
                  noblest needs of our emotions.

 

THE INVOCATION OF THE ETERNAL

“O, Thou Eternal One,
Thou Perfection of Time,
Thou Truest Truth,
Thou Immutable Essence of all Change,
Thou Most excellent Radiance of Mercy,
Thou Infinite Compassion,
Thou Pity, Thou Charity,
Thou who art called the Buddha,
We take refuge in Thee!”

(An invocation from Thailand – Revised Translation)

 

With bad advisors forever left behind,
From paths of evil he departs for eternity,
Soon to see the Buddha of Limitless Light
And perfect Samantabhadra’s Supreme Vows.

The supreme and endless blessings
of Samantabhadra’s deeds,
I now universally transfer.
May every living being, drowning and adrift,
Soon return to the Pure Land of
Limitless Light!

~The Vows of Samantabhadra~

 

I vow that when my life approaches its end,
All obstructions will be swept away;
I will see Amitabha Buddha,
And be born in His Western Pure Land of
Ultimate Bliss and Peace

When reborn in the Western Pure Land,
I will perfect and completely fulfil
Without exception these Great Vows,
To delight and benefit all beings.

~The Vows of Samantabhadra Avatamsaka Sura~

 

 

DEDICATION OF MERIT

May the merit and virtue
accrued from this work
adorn Amitabha Buddha’s Pure Land,
and relieve the suffering of
those on the three paths below.

May those who see or hear of these efforts
generate Bodhi-mind,
spend their lives devoted to the Buddha Dharma,
and finally be reborn together in
the Land of Ultimate Bliss.
Homage to Amita Buddha!

NAMO AMITABHA

 
Gửi ý kiến của bạn
Tắt
Telex
VNI
Tên của bạn
Email của bạn
07/08/2021(Xem: 2973)
The Eight Precepts with Right Livelihood as the Eighth (Ājīvatthamaka Sīla) Dhamma Teachers Certificate EN074 -__ Feb2010 5 8 Precepts Diacritials Requirements and Ceremonies for the Five Precepts (Panca Sila), The Eight Precepts with Right Livelihood as the Eighth (Ajivatthamaka Sila), Dhamma Teachers Certificate, issued by the Buddhist Group of Kendal (Theravada) and Ketumati Buddhist Vihara at Wesak 2006). Updated February 2010
07/08/2021(Xem: 2203)
Venerable Rewata Dhamma born in Myanmar [Burma], was head of the Birmingham Buddhist Vihara until his death in 2004. His book Maha Paritta: The Discourses of the Great Protection (With the Threefold Refuges, Precepts, Salutations to the Triple Gem, Dependent Origination and Metta Bhavana), gives the formula in Pali and English for requesting Ajivatthamaka Sila (The Eight Precepts with Right Livelihood as the Eighth). (pages 9-12) Venerable Balangoda Ananda Maitreya Mahanayaka Thera Abhidhaja Maharatthaguru Agga Maha Pandita (1896-1998) Venerable Balangoda Ananda Maitreya, born in Sri Lanka, attended the Sixth Buddhist Council held in Myanmar [Burma] (1954-56). In 1956, during the third session of the Council, he served as Chairman of the Convocation for a few weeks. The Council was convened by the Myanmar [Burmese] government to prepare an authorized re-edit and reprint of the entire Tipitaka (the Pali Canon) and its commentaries. Venerable Ananda Maitreya was appointed the Sri
07/08/2021(Xem: 2799)
The BEP Buddhist Embroidery Project was started by attendees of the London Buddhist Vihara (Monastery) in 1994. The BEP decided to teach embroidery to people who had not learnt it in childhood. The late Venerable Apparakke Jinaratana, a Theravada Buddhist Bhikkhu (monk), who lived in a cave in Sri Lanka, near a very poor village, was using very old newspapers (supplied by villagers) as tablecloths. The BEP decided to embroider tablecloths, wall hangings and sitting cloths for his use. Although items are given to one monk, they actually belong to the whole of the Bhikkhu Sangha [Order of Buddhist Monks] according to the Vinaya (Buddhist Monastic Discipline). In Asian villages, washing is done in streams and waterfalls, and hung to dry in the hot sun, so items do not last as long as they do in the west.
30/07/2021(Xem: 1864)
Introducing Buddhism by Venerable Dr Balangoda Ananda Maitreya Mahanayaka Thera Abhidhaja Maharatthaguru Aggamaha Pandita DLitt DLitt (1896-1998) and Jacquetta Gomes Bodhicarini Upasika Jayasili. Introducing Buddhism was originally published by The Buddhist Society London in 1988, to accompany The Buddhist Society’s Introducing Buddhism Course, on which Jacquetta Gomes was one of the teachers. Introducing Buddhism has subsequently been published by Buddhist organisations in England, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Taiwan, and the USA. Introducing Buddhism is available on several websites including Access to Insight, CBE Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia and Google Books. Introducing Buddhism was launched by the BCC Buddhist Cultural Centre in Sri Lanka with 24 other books under the patronage of Venerable Dr K. Sri Dhammananda Chief Sangha Nayaka of Malaysia and Singapore, in December 1997.
03/05/2021(Xem: 3206)
As a child, my mother Enid often said to me, “There is no such thing as a silly question,” and then would add, “unless.” This latter word was left hanging, and I eventually realised that it was up to me to learn the depth of its meaning. At the same time that Enid was planting seeds for reflection, my first spiritual teacher, Ven. Lama Senge Tashi, encouraged me to cultivate more skilful thoughts, speech and actions. Sometimes I would try to verbally assert “I” or “Me,” and Lama would respond with, “Who is speaking?” or “Who is asking?”
03/05/2021(Xem: 3282)
During the Covid-19 pandemic a dharma sister passed from this life. Her name was Robyn. Although she did not call herself a Buddhist, nevertheless, Robyn had a special connection with the deity Medicine Buddha. Over the six years that I worked with her, in my role as a hospital chaplain, Robyn frequently asked me to chant the mantra of Medicine Buddha and guide her through the visualisation. During her many stays in hospital, this particular practice brought comfort to her while she was experiencing chronic pain, anxiety and fear of the unknown. The medications she took would sometimes cloud her memory, so I would guide her through the details of the visualisation and begin chanting:
03/05/2021(Xem: 3473)
Once, as I was about to hold a summer Dharma class on a beach, as the first students began to arrive for the session I picked up two rocks and carefully placed them, one on top of the other, on to a much larger rock base. Observing what I had just done, three students approached: a young married couple and their five year old son.
03/05/2021(Xem: 3472)
True Seeing (Ven. Shih Jingang) One day, while Little Pebble and his Master were walking through a garden, the old teacher stopped to look at a white rose in full bloom. He motioned for his young disciple to join him, and they both sat down near where the flower was growing. ‘Little Pebble,’ said the Master, ‘when you look at this object, tell me what you think about it.’ ‘The flower is pretty,’ stated the boy. ‘I like it.’ ‘’’Flower,” you say. “Pretty, like it,” you say,’ replied the Master, looking to see how his young disciple reacted. Then he added, ‘Mind creates names like flower, and thoughts of like and dislike, pretty and ugly. This mind is small and closed, but if you can see beyond it to the nature of mind, then all is vast like space, completely open to all things. In this state of awareness, there is neither a flower nor a non-flower. Understand?’ But the young disciple did not quite understand, so his Master continued, ‘Little one, come here each day,
03/05/2021(Xem: 4198)
One day, Little Pebble went to his teacher, and said, ‘Master, my friend’s dog Tiger died.’ The look on Little Pebble’s face told the old monk that he was troubled. ‘Little one, do you have any questions?’ ‘Master, where did Tiger go?’ ‘Where did you come from?’ asked the old monk. ‘From my mummy’s tummy.’ ‘And where did Mummy come from?’ Little Pebble couldn’t think of an answer. The Master regarded his young disciple for a moment, then said, ‘Remember, when you made shapes with mud and named them Mummy, Daddy, Master?’
03/05/2021(Xem: 2965)
“Calling forth the Great Compassion, we are one with our True Nature; that which is directly Buddha, also indirectly Buddha. Oneness with the Triple Treasure, endless, joyous, perfect being. Morning thought is Kuan-Shih-Yin, evening thought is Kuan-Shih-Yin. All present thoughts arise from Mind, no thought exists apart from Mind.” These are the words of the Ten Verse Life-Prolonging Kuan-Yin Sutra. Who is reciting them? A few blocks away, an old man is crying out for help and someone hears. He is a brother, sister, father, mother from a previous life. A phone is picked up and then there are footsteps running towards the sound, “Help me! Help...” Someone sees the old man sitting on the top step, near the front door of his house.
facebook youtube google-plus linkedin twitter blog
Nguyện đem công đức này, trang nghiêm Phật Tịnh Độ, trên đền bốn ơn nặng, dưới cứu khổ ba đường,
nếu có người thấy nghe, đều phát lòng Bồ Đề, hết một báo thân này, sinh qua cõi Cực Lạc.

May the Merit and virtue,accrued from this work, adorn the Buddhas pureland,
Repay the four great kindnesses above, andrelieve the suffering of those on the three paths below,
may those who see or hear of these efforts generates Bodhi Mind, spend their lives devoted to the Buddha Dharma,
the Land of Ultimate Bliss.

Quang Duc Buddhist Welfare Association of Victoria
Tu Viện Quảng Đức | Quang Duc Monastery
Senior Venerable Thich Tam Phuong | Senior Venerable Thich Nguyen Tang
Address: Quang Duc Monastery, 105 Lynch Road, Fawkner, Vic.3060 Australia
Tel: 61.03.9357 3544 ; Fax: 61.03.9357 3600
Website: http://www.quangduc.com ; http://www.tuvienquangduc.com.au (old)
Xin gửi Xin gửi bài mới và ý kiến đóng góp đến Ban Biên Tập qua địa chỉ:
quangduc@quangduc.com , tvquangduc@bigpond.com
VISITOR
91,151,004