Tu Viện Quảng Đức105 Lynch Rd, Fawkner, Vic 3060. Australia. Tel: 9357 3544. quangduc@quangduc.com* Viện Chủ: TT Tâm Phương, Trụ Trì: TT Nguyên Tạng   

Why is Buddhism so diverse ?

28/02/201807:29(Xem: 3924)
Why is Buddhism so diverse ?

 

WHY IS BUDDHISM SO DIVERSE?
By Dharma Teacher Andrew Williams

Lý do nào khiến cho đạo Phật

có nhiều tông pháikhác nhau?

Bài viết: Giảng viên Andrew Williams 

Việt dịch: Diệu Thông Đặng Thị Ái Kiển 

 

I think we can all agree that the reason for the many diverse traditions and paths within Buddhism is that all sentient beings, in one way or another, are different, both mentally and physically, and therefore each individuals needs are also different.

Theo tôi tất cả chúng ta có thể đồng ý rằng lý do khiến cho đạo Phật có nhiều tông phái và nhiều đường lối khác nhau trong cách hành trì: đó là vì chúng sanh có nhiều căn cơ khác nhau, về cả tâm tánh lẫn hình dáng, thế nên nhu cầu của mỗi cá nhân có khác.

 

The Buddha explained that we sentient beings all have different and limited levels of understanding of this or that, and even if we focus on the very same thing, we will perceive it according to our own perspective. From our own limited viewpoint.

Đức Phật đã giảng rằng tất cả chúng sanh trình độ tiếp thu có hạn chế khác nhau về điều này hay điều kia. Cho dù ta có chú tâm đến cùng một vấn đề đi nữa thì  tuỳ thuộc vào quan điểm của từng người mà ta sẽ có được những nhận thức khác nhau. Do từ việc quan điểm có hạn chế.

 

We tend to perceive things and others based on our own preconceived ideas and past experiences. It's as if we judge the whole ocean based on the small part of the ocean that we may think we know. The whole sky based on a few clouds.

Một đàng có xu hướng nhận thức sự vật còn một đàng lại căn cứ trên nhưng định kiến về  ý tưởng và kinh nghiệm trong quá khứ của người. Cũng như là chúng ta đánh giá toàn bộ đại dương chỉ qua cái nhìn một phần đại dương đó, mà ta cho là ta đã biết cả đại dương vậy. Cũng giống như vậy ta nhìn bầu trời qua cái thấy của vài cụm mây.

 

All of the various types of teachings and methods within Buddhism are related to the different capacities of understanding that different individuals have. From an absolute viewpoint, there is no teaching or method that is higher and more perfect, or effective, than another. For any particular teachings value lies solely in the inner awakening that an individual can attain through practising it. If a person benefits from any particular teaching, for that person, that teaching is the supreme teaching, the supreme path, because it is suited to his or her nature and mental capacities.

Tất cả lời giáo huấn và các phương pháp trong đạo Phật đều liên quan đến khả năng tiếp thu khác nhau của từng cá nhân. Theo chân đế, không có lời giáo huấn hay phương pháp nào cao hơn, hoàn hảo hơn, hay có hiệu quả cao hơn cái nào cả. Với bất kỳ lời giáo huấn đặc biệt  nào thì giá trị cũng chỉ nằm trong sự tỉnh thức nội tâm mà mỗi cá nhân đạt đến khi thực hành giáo Pháp đó. Nếu ai được lợi lạc từ một lời giáo huấn nào đó, đối với họ, đây là giáo lý tối thượng, con đường vi diệu, bởi vì nó phù hợp với bản năng tự nhiên và khả năng tâm linh của họ.

 

The Buddha Dharma is inclusive, not exclusive. Our aim is to benefit all sentient beings, without exception. To help all sentient beings, including ourselves, to have happiness and its causes, and to be free from suffering and it's causes, and to attain unsurpassed supreme enlightenment as swiftly as possible.

Giáo Pháp của Đức Phật mang tính bao hàm vị tha mà không thủchấp. Mục đích của nó là mang lợi ích đến cho mọi chúng sanh, không giới hạn. Để giúp đ̉ tất cả chúng sanh, luôn cả chúng ta, được hạnh phúc và duyên phúc; thoát khỏi khổ đau và nhân duyên gây ra nó; để đạt đỉnh tối thắng của sự giác ngộ, càng nhanh càng tốt.

 

The Buddha Dharma transcends colour, texture, flavour, language, culture, tradition and nationality. It is for everyone, everywhere and at any time

Giáo Pháp của Đức Phật vượt qua không gian, thời gian, màu sắc, kết cấu, hương vị, ngôn ngữ, văn hoá, truyền thống và bản sắc dân tộc. Nó dành cho mọi người, ở mọi nơi và bất cứ lúc nào.

 

 

WHY IS BUDDHISM SO DIVERSE?

I think we can all agree that the reason for the many diverse traditions and paths within Buddhism is that all sentient beings, in one way or another, are different, both mentally and physically, and therefore each individuals needs are also different.

The Buddha explained that we sentient beings all have different and limited levels of understanding of this or that, and even if we focus on the very same thing, we will perceive it according to our own perspective. From our own limited viewpoint.

We tend to perceive things and others based on our own preconceived ideas and past experiences. It's as if we judge the whole ocean based on the small part of the ocean that we may think we know. The whole sky based on a few clouds.

andrew williams-3andrew williams-2andrew williams
All of the various types of teachings and methods within Buddhism are related to the different capacities of understanding that different individuals have. From an absolute viewpoint, there is no teaching or method that is higher and more perfect, or effective, than another. For any particular teachings value lies solely in the inner awakening that an individual can attain through practising it. If a person benefits from any particular teaching, for that person, that teaching is the supreme teaching, the supreme path, because it is suited to his or her nature and mental capacities.

The Buddha Dharma is inclusive, not exclusive. Our aim is to benefit all sentient beings, without exception. To help all sentient beings, including ourselves, to have happiness and its causes, and to be free from suffering and it's causes, and to attain unsurpassed supreme enlightenment as swiftly as possible.

The Buddha Dharma transcends colour, texture, flavour, language, culture, tradition and nationality. It is for everyone, everywhere and at any time.

By Dharma Teacher Andrew. J. Williams
Buddhist name: Bat Nha (Yeshe)
 
Gửi ý kiến của bạn
Tắt
Telex
VNI
Tên của bạn
Email của bạn
11/12/201808:57(Xem: 3827)
Short Dhamma Stories for Kids, It is my great pleasure being able to present a “Short Dhamma Story” for children. I have translated “Punchi Bana Katha” which was written in Sinhalese by the Venerable Welewatte Gunaratana Thero. My main object of this noble work is to develop children’s Dhamma knowledge and moral education. Most Venerable B. Sri Saranankara Adhikarana (Judiciary) Nayaka Maha Thera gave me his fullest support and encouraged me in my present work. So my respectful and sincere heartfelt thanks go to him. My very special thanks also goes to the President, Mr. G. Mervyn Weerasena and all members of the Siri Jayanti Association who pursed on my humble attempt. My special thanks goes to Venerable Welewatte Gunaratana Thero who gave me a proper consent to translate into English his Sinhalese book (Punci Bana Katha).
11/12/201807:07(Xem: 3417)
Buddhist path of liberation is indeed a process of purification of mind. Its preliminary step is found in the training of Sīla, which finds expression through right speech, right actions and right livelihood. The follower mainly to get rid of the mental defilements such as craving, aversion and ignorance practices these three steps of the Noble Eightfold path. It is evident that the wrong speech, wrong actions and wrong livelihood lead to the development of those defilements in the mind. Through the training of conduct (Sīla) most of the rough defilements can be restrained.
06/12/201820:35(Xem: 1696)
I once heard it said of man that the idea is to die young, as late as possible. At age 85, a favorite pastime of George H. W. Bush was firing up his boat, the Fidelity, and opening up the three 300-horsepower engines to fly, joyfully fly across the Atlantic, with the Secret Service boats straining to keep up. At age 90, George H. W. Bush parachuted out of an aircraft and landed on the grounds of St. Ann’s by the Sea in Kennebunkport, Maine, the church where his mom was married and where he worshipped often. Mother liked to say he chose the location just in case the chute didn’t open. In his 90s, he took great delight when his closest pal, James A. Baker, smuggled a bottle of Grey Goose vodka into his hospital room. Apparently it paired well with the steak Baker had delivered from Morton’s.
04/12/201808:09(Xem: 6141)
Within a tree, there is a flower Within a rock, there is a flame Dedication for Most Venerable Thich Nhu Dien on the ceremonial event of his 70th birthday, and 40 year-milestone for Vien Giac Temple to be established in Germany Bhikhhu Thích Nguyên Tạng Translated into English by: Dr Tâm Tịnh, Hoa Chí & Hoa Nghiêm “Within a tree, there’s a flower, within a rock, there’s a flame” is the dharma taught by Zen Master Dao, recalled by Most Venerable Thich Nhu Dien during his dharmic teachings to which I had good fortune to attend in his dharma-propagating journey to the United States of America in 2006 when I acted as an assistant to him.
12/10/201817:14(Xem: 1885)
Friday, November 2, 2018 - 19:30 to Monday, November 5, 2018 - 16:00 Even as the years keep increasing, whatever our age and stage, Life Still Matters and we can learn more about how to make the most of the present, meet the challenges of the future and make a positive difference in the world around us. This live-in life direction and leadership program is for people from diverse backgrounds and cultures, who are aged 35 and over. We offer a warm welcome to anyone who has a sense of adventure and would like to begin to learn how to be a change-maker in our global community. Come and meet others who share the same desire and want to live a purpose-filled life. It will include panel presentations, workshops, story-sharing, team-building activities, reflective silence, group discussion, video(s) and an entertainment night. Venue: Armagh, 226 Kooyong Road, Toorak, VIC 3142 Cost: $250 to cover accommodation, meals and the general program Register by 12 October here.
13/07/201822:52(Xem: 4284)
Smartphone Overuse, Youth Suicide and Buddhism as a Healing Source, Youth suicide is disturbingly rising. Ashley Welch, in her article “What’s behind the rise in youth suicides?” (2017), gave some insights into the trend. The author mentioned potential causes for this trauma and notably pointed to “the correlation between the rising popularity of smartphones and increased rates of suicide and depression among young people” (para. 17). Although Welch did not offer a clear reason for the correlation, this point raises an awareness of an irony. We, as readers, may wonder, “How can such a wonderful entertaining device cause that terrible thing?” In this paper, I will discuss the roots of this pain, and then suggest Buddhism as a healing source.
27/06/201809:22(Xem: 4430)
Why Aren't We Teaching You Mindfulness? AnneMarie Rossi, Founder and CEO of BeMindful Harvard conducted a research study and they tracked more than 1,000 people from birth until age 32 looking for what made someone successful. What common characteristic or trait was seen in a successful individual? It wasn't their race, what language they spoke, what neighborhood they grow up in, or how much money their parents had. It wasn't how well they did on standardized tests or even their IQ. It was self-control; those who were successful, who had good careers, financial stability, loving relationships, and physical health. Those who were successful, were the ones who could focus, pay attention, and regulate their emotions.
22/05/201818:16(Xem: 15416)
The Buddhist community is extremely upset by the inappropriate and disrespectful use of the image of Buddha, The Buddhist community is extremely upset by the inappropriate and disrespectful use of the image of Buddha, in a display at the National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) entitled the 'Eternity-Buddha in Nirvana, the Dying Gaul, Farnese Hercules, Night, Day, Sartyr and Bacchante, Funerary Genius, Achilles, Persian Soldier Fighting, Dancing Faun, Crouching Aphrodite, Narcisse Couché, Othryades the Spartan Dying, the Fall of Icarus, A River, Milo of Croton'. It can also be seen at: https://www.ngv.vic.gov.au/explore/collection/work/131149/ Although this display has been in place for some months, we have only just been made aware of its' existence. We are not usually outspoken, but this display desecrates the image of Buddha by placing images of these mythical images on him and in doing so, showing no apparent regard or respect for Him.
25/04/201816:25(Xem: 3543)
Prior to sharing some thoughts on the question, 'According to 2010 statistics, the number of Buddhists around the world is consistently increasing by approximately 5% to 10% per annum. What do you think are the main causes for this increase?', I should mention that I'm often 'open-mindedly skeptical' about such surveys, and the statistics gathered during such surveys. For where does the information come from and how is the information gathered, and for what purpose, and so on and so forth.
24/04/201807:16(Xem: 2124)
When The Birds Stop Singing By Dao Van Binh (Translated by Nguyên Giác)