Tu Viện Quảng Đức105 Lynch Rd, Fawkner, Vic 3060. Australia. Tel: 9357 3544. quangduc@quangduc.com* Viện Chủ: TT Tâm Phương, Trụ Trì: TT Nguyên Tạng   

Chapter 5 - A General Explanation of The Five Precepts of a Layman

20/01/201615:57(Xem: 1360)
Chapter 5 - A General Explanation of The Five Precepts of a Layman

 

BUDDHIST DOCTRINE

---&&---

DHARMA TALKED

By THICH HUYEN VI

Chapter V


A GENERAL EXPLANATION OF THE FIVE PRECEPTS OF A LAYMAN

 

            The foundations of Buddhist practice are the five precepts that all Buddhists follow.  Many people who attempt to practice and understand Buddhism fail simply because they do not follow these moral precepts.  As a house is built from the ground up, so must our character be developed?  Living harmoniously with us and family is just one of the many blessings that come from practicing these five precepts:

            1.  Do not kill.

            2.  Do not steal.

            3.  Do not engage in sexual misconduct.

            4.  Do not engage in false speech.

            5.  Do not take intoxicants.

 

1)   Do not kill.  This precept is very important and all Buddhists must observe and practice it.  As we, ourselves, would not have ourselves killed, we should not kill others.  Causing injury and pain is to upset the balance of life.  One should neither kill directly or indirectly such as setting traps or ordering others to kill.  Some of the many benefits from not killing are that we live peacefully and have no enemies, there is no fear in our hearts and wherever we go others do not fear us.  We must not destroy animals and regard all life as sacred.

 

2)  Do not steal.  By not stealing one has no fear of the law and suffers no guilt.  As we, ourselves, would not want our property stolen, we should not steal others’ property.  This precept is not limited to material things such as food, clothing and shelter, but also extends to robbing someone of their confidence and their peace of mind.  Once again, stealing can be either directly such as forcefully taking something or stealing without someone’s knowledge, as in the dark of the night, or it can be indirect through fraud, deception of ordering others to steal.  All of this must be investigated, for truly it is better to keep this precept in dealing with others.

 

3)  Do not engage in sexual misconduct.  Buddhist laymen are not required to be celibate, but they are required to abstain from excessive sexual lust, as this would be a hindrance to higher meditational practices.  Engaging in sexual misconduct has many meanings.  One should be faithful to one’s spouse and not violate another’s wife, as this would bring loss of respect and dishonor in one’s community.  One should also not violate a young girl who is still under the protection of her parents, as this would cause them to grieve.  If one always gives rise to sexual desire one’s body loses its health and quickly decays.  Sexual desire is the primary root of birth and death.  One should look into these matters more deeply.

 

4)  Do not engage in false speech.  Many people take this to mean not to lie, but it also means not engaging in harsh, coarse and unprofitable talk.  Let us begin with lying.  Many people deceive people by their words to acquire many different things such as money, property and privileges.  This precept also means to abstain from flattery and criticizing others, as this serves no purpose and only strengthens the ego.  One should regard his tongue as a sword and speak with wisdom as to serve and benefit living beings by speaking dharma according to one’s capacity to understand.

 

5)  Do not take intoxicants.  Intoxicants refer to all intoxicating substances:

                  Alcohol

                  Cannabis (marijuana)

                  Depressants (sedatives-hypnotic, barbiturates and non-barbiturate sedatives)

                  Hallucinogens (LSD, peyote, etc…)

                  Inhalants

                  Narcotics

                  Stimulants (amphetamine, etc…)

                  Tranquilizers

                  Tobacco and so forth.

      To abstain from intoxicants is to respect one’s Buddha-nature.  The taking of intoxicant clouds one’s wisdom and one can end up doing many evil things.  The loss of one’s wealth, as well as his reputation, can easily be lost by indulging in intoxicants.  Having lost one’s way one will encounter few friends and be surrounded by those who would wish to does him harm.  Many people believe that by indulging in intoxicants only a little they are safe, but this is not the case.  As the Dharma-panda has stated, “Drop by drop is the pitcher filled”.  So, is it with evil that comes through the taking of intoxicants!  One being with a small drinks and ends up drinking the whole bottle.  No doubt, we have all experienced this.  One must guard and practice his Buddha-nature.  Intoxicants can easily lead you astray.  One must not follow those who indulge in such activities.

      The five precepts are not just empty sayings.  They are to be practiced and meditated upon throughout the day.  One encounters many situations where the precepts are to be used and one must make the right choice in applying his understanding of them.  One begins with the words and ends up with their understanding.  This takes time and one must not be in too much of a hurry for results.  The strengthening of the mind is more important than that of the body.  These precepts are the key.  May one find Pease and understanding in their application.

 

 

 

                  NAMO, ORIGINAL TEACHER SAKYAMUNI BUDDHA

 
END OF CHAPTER V

 

Gửi ý kiến của bạn
Tắt
Telex
VNI
Tên của bạn
Email của bạn
28/02/201417:16(Xem: 2309)
Lama Thubten Yeshe gave this teaching during a five-day meditation course he conducted at Dromana, near Melbourne, Australia, in March, 1975. Edited by Nicholas Ribush. This teaching appears in the November/December 1997 issue of Mandala Magazine.
28/02/201417:13(Xem: 2156)
“When we take refuge in the Buddha, we mean the qualities of the Buddha that are inherent within us. We are taking refuge in our own intrinsic enlightenment.” Many people these days are reading books about Buddhism, practicing Buddhist meditation, and applying Buddhist principles in their work and personal lives.
28/02/201417:09(Xem: 2349)
We will illustrate the priorities of a Buddha Dhamma practitioner in contrast to the norms of the four common forms of Australian culture towards family life. There is no pure one culture but rather high-bred mixtures in a range from total denial of any family responsibility or obligation to obsessive clinging to the family unit as the one and only refuge that matters.
28/02/201417:04(Xem: 1913)
This short essay is intended to give a brief introduction to Buddhism. It will discuss the way Buddhists perceive the world, the four main teachings of the Buddha, the Buddhist view of the self, the relationship between this self and the various ways in which it responds to the world, the Buddhist path and the final goal.
28/02/201415:56(Xem: 3992)
Ideally, education is the principal tool of human growth, essential for transforming the unlettered child into a mature and responsible adult. Yet everywhere today, both in the developed world and the developing world, we can see that formal education is in serious trouble. Classroom instruction has become so routinized and pat that children often consider school an exercise in patience rather than an adventure in learning.
28/02/201415:46(Xem: 2527)
SIT COMFORTABLY ERECT, without leaning forward or backward, left or right. Close your eyes and think thoughts of good will. Thoughts of good will go first to yourself, because if you can't think good will for yourself—if you can't feel a sincere desire for your own happiness—there's no way you can truly wish for the happiness of others.
09/04/201316:17(Xem: 24485)
Yae-Hong Hsu, better known by his Buddhist name Chin Kung Shi, was born in February of 1927 in Lujiang County, Anhui Province of China. He attended the National Third Guizhou Junior High School and Nanjing First Municipal High School. In 1949, he went to Taiwan and worked in the Shijian Institution.
08/04/201314:28(Xem: 3117)
In the year 563 B.C., on the border of modern day Nepal and India, a prince was born to a ruler of a minor kingdom, the Sakyan. His name was Siddhartha Gotama and, at the age of thirty five, he attained, after six years of struggle and through his own insight, full enlightenment or Buddhahood. The term 'Buddha' is not a name for a god or an incarnation of a god, despite Hindu claims to the contrary, but is a title for one who has realised through good conduct, mental cultivation and wisdom the cause of life's vicissitudes and the way to overcome them. Buddhism is, perhaps, unique amongst the world's religions in that it does not place reliance for salvation on some external power, such as a god or even a Buddha, but places the responsibility for life's frustrations squarely on the individual.
09/09/201205:49(Xem: 6468)
This handbook, Buddhism 101—Questions and Answers, is a selected collection of Buddhist basic teachings for beginners. While composing this book, we thought in particular about those Buddhists who just initiatively started to study and practice Buddhism in environments of multiple religions and multiple cultures. Therefore, the basic themes introduced here serve to provide readers with a general view of the Buddha’s teachings in regard to both theory and practice. Given the limitations of a handbook, we dare not go further into intensive issues of Buddhist philosophy as doing so may lead to difficulties for beginners. However, the selected questions discussed here are the core teachings of Buddhism. As a beginner, you need to master these teachings firmly and precisely before going further into the Buddhist studies. We hope that this handbook will be a useful ladder to help you along the way in your learning and practicing.
03/10/201114:56(Xem: 1585)
In order to make life in 21st century more peaceful, harmonious and stable, he said, we must learn to resolve all differences and problems through dialogue...