Tu Viện Quảng Đức105 Lynch Rd, Fawkner, Vic 3060. Australia. Tel: 9357 3544. quangduc@quangduc.com* Viện Chủ: TT Tâm Phương, Trụ Trì: TT Nguyên Tạng   

Buddha - The Great Humanist among the world religious teachers

02/03/201104:20(Xem: 1527)
Buddha - The Great Humanist among the world religious teachers

Buddha - The Great Humanist 
among the world religious teachers

By W.J.M. Lokubandara, TW News Feature, May 5, 2006




New Delhi, India -- The year 2006 marks the 2550 anniversary of the Buddha-Jayanti or Birth of Gotama the Buddha. In the history of the religions of the world, Gotama the Buddha, a religious teacher, did not make any claim to the fact that he is an incarnate, or a messenger or a descendant of any Divine Being. Lord Buddha maintained that he is a human being, who has realized the nature of life through his own knowledge and virtue, and made an end to suffering, which is a universal phenomenon.

It is in this sense that He is considered to be an ‘uttara manussa’ or a super human being. It is indeed a pleasure and a privilege for me to have got this valuable opportunity to write about Gotama the Buddha.

Today, we live in a world where a human being has to face challenges to discover his own path for the survival of not only his own species but also for the survival of all the other species, and the very world he has to share with many others.

Remembering a great religious teacher, like Lord Buddha, in this context, becomes meaningful only insofar as we can draw insights, lessons and inspiration for this crucial task. Therefore, let me elaborate a little on how the life of the Lord and His teachings are going to be helpful in discovering our own potentiality in finding lasting solutions for the problems we are faced with.

We know that Gotama the Buddha was born in the 6 century B.C. in Madhaya-pradesha of Bharata where the religious atmosphere was complex and the social atmosphere was tense. Gotama the Buddha, as Prince Siddhartha, saw that human life was sorrowful and wished to find a lasting solution. With His own experience as a Prince, with all the luxuries, He knew that gratification of senses was not the answer. With rigorous self-torturing practices He knew that the opposite end too was not the answer. Finally, He discovered the solution, the termination of suffering by following what is today known as the Majjhima Patipada or the Middle Path. With this realization He came to be known as the Buddha or the Enlightened One, who realized the Four Noble Truths, namely, suffering, its origin, its cessation and the path leading to its cessation.

After this great realization, the Buddha wanted to give this message to as many people as possible. He wished to make the people realize that, His message could be understood by anyone who has intelligence to follow the Path. It was very difficult for Lord Buddha to convince His listeners that they could practise this message by themselves. On the one hand, a strong religious belief advocated that it is through the grace of a Divine Being that liberation from Samsara is possible.

On the other hand, there were those who denied the moral efficacy of good and bad actions, those others that denied human capacity to achieve any spiritual status but believed in a determinism of some form or other, still others who were skeptical of believed in a determinism of some form or other, still others who were skeptical of any moral knowledge, and holders of many other views, detrimental to human liberation. It is on this mental and ideological environment that Lord Buddha had to spread His message.

It was of fundamental importance for Gotama the Buddha to show that He was only a guide who could lead His followers to the Goal. He had to struggle to liberate people from their ideological bonds and slaveries. In the well known Kilima Sutta (of the Anguttara-nikaya of the basket of Discourses) Lord Buddha, addressing a group called Kalamas said that they should not accept assertions made by any one for any one of the following ten reasons: one must not accept any statement for it is presented as the revealed truth, for it is the traditional belief, for it is hearsay, for it is the scripture; for it is logical, for it is methodical, by reflecting on its structure, for it agrees with one’s view, for it seems agreeable or for that the speaker is one’s teacher.

Having given this advice He further said, to reject any assertion on good and bad and what is desirable and what is not desirable only when they see for themselves that a particular assertion leads to what is not skilful-akusala, namely, craving, hatred and delusion; and accept only if it leads to the absence of those three roots of un-skillfulness.

In this statement, Lord Buddha allows freedom for knowledgeable human beings to make their own decisions on sound grounds. We must remember that the Buddha rejected all what He referred to above. What He said is that they could be either true or false. Since they are not guaranteed for what is morally right always, the Lord Buddha said that one must know t for oneself in order to decide one way or another.

In the teaching of Gotama the Buddha, the human being has been given a very high place due to his or her potentiality. We must, of course, understand this Buddhist position correctly. Bestowing a very high position to a human being does not mean that he is supreme and the highest and that he has the liberty to make use of all other forms of life to satisfy his wants, guided by his insatiable greed. Buddhism rightly admits that human beings are endowed with vast intellectual potentiality. But that does not mean that he can use his powers to cause destruction to his own species or other beings. Human beings can be superior; but they are not supreme.

Any human being without spiritual development is not superior. Only true human beings are superior. Going through samsara existence all beings are equal. However, due to their potentiality human beings are in a more favourable situation than most of other beings.

In the teaching of the Buddha, this high position given to human beings has two meanings. One is to underscore the potentiality of human beings to achieve the ultimate freedom from samsaric suffering.

If one has intelligence and will, any one will be able to achieve what the Buddha achieved on His own. In this potentiality, Buddhism does not see any distinction between men and women or among various divisions among human beings.

In the Buddhist Sangha there are four groups, namely, bhiksu, bhiksuni, upasaka and upasika (both male and female monastic members and both male and female lay followers). As the followers of the Path, monastic members are considered to be in a more favourable condition insofar as the final goal is concerned, than the lay followers. Still there is no real difference among these groups if anyone of them wish to attain the final goal.

Lord Buddha’s role in the Sasana, His religious organization, was not that of a saviour but that of a guide. The Buddha is described, in a formula the Buddhists use everyday to honour him, as ‘the guide to gods and human beings’ (satth devamanussariam). This clearly shows how the Buddhist tradition perceived the role of the Buddha. In the Dhammapada, the Buddha makes the following statement; ‘tumhehi kiccam ätappam - akkhataro tathagata’ - ‘You must strive for yourself; the Buddhas are there only to show the path.’ In other words, the Buddha shows the Path; but to follow it is the responsibility of the follower. The Buddha or anyone else, for that matter, cannot do it on behalf of another.Now, what does this message say to us, who live in the beginning of the 21 century? The message of the Buddha is ultimately to create a society where people behave towards others with wholesome motives guided by a sense of generosity, friendliness, and right understanding.

In Buddhist terms, it is to live without Iobha, dosa or moha. The ethical path taught by the Buddha is open for anyone and everyone, irrespective of any gender distinction or any other social or ethnic distinction. In this sense, the teaching of the Buddha is a form of universalism and the Buddha is a universalist.

The teaching taught by the Buddha is for human beings to follow with his own intelligence and the final goal advocated is achieved by any human being who has will and intelligence. In this sense, what the Buddha taught is a form of humanism and the Buddha is a humanist, humanist par excellence, for He achieved the total purity by eradicating all the defiling factors in the mind.

The Path taught by the Buddha is an ethical path which ultimately leads human beings to cleanse their own inner being and achieve thereby inner peace and harmony, which ultimately should serve as the basis for the peace in the world at large.

The Buddha once said that suffering, the origin of suffering, cessation of suffering and the path leading to the cessation of suffering, lies in this fathom-long human being himself. This is nothing other than a reminder to us about our great potentiality. This is perhaps the greatest inspiration we can draw from this sublime teaching.

May the Blessings of the Noble Triple Gem Guide all of us. 

[Source: Daily Mirror] http://www.buddhistchannel.tv

Layout by  Pho Tri
Update : 01-05-2006

Gửi ý kiến của bạn
Tên của bạn
Email của bạn
01/05/202017:43(Xem: 1536)
The Buddhist Federation of Australia would like to express its sincere concern for the impact that the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is having on the lives of people in Australia and around the world. We understand the levels of concern in the community caused by the health risks from the virus as well as the socio-economic crisis brought on by the significant reduction in employment and general social and commercial activities. We especially appreciate the dedication and professionalism of healthcare workers who put their lives at risk on the frontline in dealing with this crisis and we support the efforts and measures put in place by the government at this difficult and challenging time.
23/05/201807:27(Xem: 1698)
Dharma talk: Thoughts and Significance of Celebrating Buddha’s Birthday – Buddhist Calendar 2562 Buddha’s Birthday or Vesak Day, Buddhist Calendar 2562 is again returning to our earth, millions of Buddha’s followers from East to West; from Europe to Asia, with millions of hearts just as one, and with a single belief in joyfully welcoming this important day. That is the day when our World Honored One comes into existence with the great vow of Wisdom and Compassion, bringing peace and happiness for the majority; setting straight what is fallen down from net of hatred and ignorance, false beliefs; healing what is broken from ideologies of self-attachment and variations of mean selfishness; turning on the light for people to see “the original face” of themselves and showing them the way to escape from birth-death nights full of darkness.
27/03/201515:23(Xem: 7057)
Tiệc Chay Gây Quỹ 2015 Buổi tiệc chay gây quỹ tại chùa Quang Minh được tổ chức để hổ trợ cho việc cử hành Đại Lễ Tam Hợp Đa văn hóa Vesak theo Liên Hiệp Quốc tại Victoria. Ngày Đức Phật Thích Ca Đản Sanh, Thành Đạo và Nhập Niết Bàn Xin Chào đón tất cả mọi người - Với giá vé $25 Thứ Bảy 04 Tháng Tư. Bắt đầu lúc 6.30pm (Cửa mở lúc 6.15pm) Tại Chùa Quang Minh, Hội Trường Quán Tự Tại, Số 18 Burke St, Braybrook Victoria Với tinh thần hổ trợ Đại Lễ kỷ niệm Vesak, một thực đơn ngon đặc biệt được chuẩn bị do các đầu bếp trẻ tại chùa Quang Minh . Hãy đến tham dự , làm quen với nhiều bạn mới cùng tìm hiểu xem chương trình tuyệt diệu của ngày Đại Lễ Vesak nâm nay, nhằm ngày 23 tháng Năm 2015 ở vài địa điểm tại Trung Tâm Thương Mại của Thành phố Melbourne. Vé bán tại cửa vào. Email cho chúng tôi nếu bạn cần đặt nguyên bàn Để biết thêm chi tiết xi
23/06/201619:58(Xem: 2458)
TÌNH THƯƠNG ĐẠI ĐỒNG (A J Williams) Ca khúc "Tình thương Đại đồng" (ca khúc thứ 13 trên đĩa CD) thật ra là bộ Kinh Từ Bi (Pali: Karanya Metta Sutta): Đây là việc làm cho những ai có tài năng và sự an lạc, những người tìm sự thiện lành. Nguyện cho họ có khả năng, nghiêm chánh, lương thiện, lời nói dịu dàng và không tự cao.
05/05/202015:54(Xem: 1023)
When an organisation we care about doesn't have the level of support it should, it's often quite frustrating. I believe the Australian UN Vesak Day should be known and celebrated by ALL Buddhists and non-Buddhists in Australia, but it's not as well known as it should be. This is a heart-to-heart from me to you to highlight some of the biggest misconceptions I believe people generally have about the Australian UN Vesak Day (Australian Observance of the United Nations Day of Vesak), which impacts its participation level every year. It also invites you to the very first online celebration not just open to Australian Buddhists and non-Buddhists but for everyone internationally to come together in unity and solidarity to celebrate this auspicious day for ALL Buddhists and non-Buddhists alike to celebrate the Buddha's messages of peace and his devotion to the service of humanity.
19/04/201411:04(Xem: 11341)
Buddhism spans cultural groups such as Chinese, Taiwanese, Malaysian, Indonesian, Cambodian, Vietnamese, Loation, Thai, Mongolian, Tibetan, Burmese, Korean, Japanese, Indian, Sri Lankan, to name but a few. Buddhism has a strong history in Victoria since the goldrush days in 1848 and continues today with unique representation of many cultural groups and traditions and forms practiced in Melbourne and around the state. The 2014 Vesak Observance will be presented with a balance of Commemoration and Celebration. We are honored again to have the support of the City of Melbourne and the Victorian Multicultural Commission, as well as the Victorian Buddhist Community.
01/04/201504:03(Xem: 4791)
Vesak festival at Melbourne city, 23-4-2015
20/03/201707:01(Xem: 3461)
We warmly invite you to be part of the Vesak Friendship Dinner at Quang Minh Temple on Saturday 22nd April. Below for you is the Vesak Friendship Dinner flyer. Please print out, display and circulate among your community for everyone to come along... Book Your Tickets and Tables Today The Vesak Friendship Dinner brings our diverse and growing VictorianBuddhist community together for a social evening, vegetarian cuisine and traditional and cultural performances by groups from across Melbourne.
30/03/201919:24(Xem: 4014)
Vesak Friendship Dinner -Saturday 30 March 2019 at Quang Minh Temple, Victoria
19/02/201116:07(Xem: 1736)
All over the world today there is growing interest in Buddhism. Numerous societies and study-groups have come into being, and scores if books have appeared on the teaching of the Buddha. It is to be regretted, however, that most of them have been written by those who are not really competent, or who bring to their task misleading assumptions derived from other religions, which must misinterpret and misrepresent their subject.