Tu Viện Quảng Đức105 Lynch Rd, Fawkner, Vic 3060. Australia. Tel: 9357 3544. quangduc@quangduc.com* Viện Chủ: TT Tâm Phương, Trụ Trì: TT Nguyên Tạng   

Questions & Answers on Buddhism

04/06/201606:13(Xem: 2539)
Questions & Answers on Buddhism

Buddha_3

Questions & Answers on Buddhism




Here are a series of questions that I was recently asked as part of a Casey Multifaith Network presentation for the local Star Newspaper, with the intention to create peace, understanding and harmony within the community.

I thought the answers may be of some benefit for practising Buddhists and Non-Buddhists alike.

Happy Vesak. May all beings be well and happy.

1) What is your name and where do you live?

Andrew Williams. I live at Phillip Island & Endeavour Hills.


2) What religion do you believe in and/or follow and what is your involvement?

Buddhism. I have studied & practised Buddhism since I was quite young.  I have been teaching Buddhism since 1998, initially in the USA & now back home in Australia.

3) Does your religion have different groups within it?

Yes.

4) What are the main groups?

The 3 major traditions within Buddhism are Theravada (School of the Elders), Mahayana (Great Vehicle) & Vajrayana (Diamond Vehicle).


5) Does your religion have any Holy Scriptures or Sacred writings?

Yes, known as the Tripitaka (3 collections). It includes the Vinaya or collection of the rules of conduct, relating predominantly to morality; The Sutra's or recorded discourses of the Buddha & his major disciples, relating predominantly to meditation; and the Abhidharma or Higher Knowledge, relating to wisdom, it includes investigation & analysis of Buddhist philosophy & psychology.


6) What do all people from your religion (whatever the group) have in common?

Have faith, trust & confidence in the Triple Gem. Namely, the Buddha, the Supremely Enlightened Teacher; the Dharma, the Teachings; and the Sangha, the supportive & harmonious spiritual community of Buddhist practitioners.

7) What are some of the differences between the different groups?

The differences are mainly cultural, although there are some differences in relation to the interpretation of the higher teachings & ultimate reality.


8) What is the most important foundational truths or teachings, that all members of your religion would say is the basis of the religion?

- To understand & practise the Four Noble Truths. 1) Suffering 2) Cause of Suffering 3) Cessation of Suffering & 4) The Path Leading to the Cessation of Suffering. Namely, Right understanding, intention, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness & concentration.
- To understand & practise the Four Immeasurable's of universal love, compassion, joy & equanimity.
- Understand & belief in the Law of Karma (cause & effect) & rebirth.
- Understand the Three Marks of Existence. That is that all conditioned phenomena, both mental & physical, are impermanent, have the nature of suffering & have no independent self identity.
- Nirvana or Supreme Enlightenment is unconditioned & liberation from the cycle of unsatisfactory existence (samsara).


9) How important is it to obey the sacred texts? What happens if some parts say things that seem to disagree with other parts?

The Buddha said, in relation to our body, speech & mind, " Do no harm, do only good, purify your mind".  Therefore it is very important to live by these guidelines. We should abstain from killing, stealing & sensual misconduct (body); slandering, lying, using harsh language & gossip (speech); and covetousness, harmful intentions & wrong views (mind). We should also develop love & compassion for all, practise meditation & develop insight into the nature of reality (wisdom).


10) What is your religion's belief about the future: the future of the world, and life after death?

The future is caused by our actions (karma) of body, speech & mind in the past & present. Both individually & collectively. We are continually reborn, according to the results of our karma, in samsara (cyclic existence), until we realise the ultimate truth of enlightenment.

By Lay Dhamma Teacher Andrew Williams
Gửi ý kiến của bạn
Tắt
Telex
VNI
Tên của bạn
Email của bạn
25/04/201707:25(Xem: 3593)
UNIVERSAL LOVE OF THE BUDDHA Written by Andrew. J. Williams Produced and performed by Andrew. J. Williams and Roger. J. McLachlan Recorded by Roger. J. McLachlan SONGLIST 1. UNIVERSAL LOVE reprise (Williams) 2. DEAL OF GOLD (Williams) 3. GOLDEN GENEROSITY (Williams/McLachlan) 4. PROMISE (Williams) 5. UNIVERSAL LOVE reprise (Williams) 6. ONE PEOPLE (Williams) 7. PERFECT PLACE (Williams) 8. REVERENCE (Williams) 9. CELESTIAL BALLET (Williams) 10. OBSTACLES & FEARS (Williams/McLachlan) 11. THE SOLUTION (Williams) 12. LIBERATION (Williams) 13. UNIVERSAL LOVE (Williams) 14. MERIT DEDICATION (Williams)
24/04/201718:18(Xem: 5190)
ENLIGHTENMENT OF THE BUDDHA Written by Andrew. J. Williams Produced and performed by Andrew. J. Williams and Roger. J. McLachlan Recorded by Roger. J. McLachlan SONGLIST 01 Enlightenment (Buddha) 02 The Senses (Williams/McLachlan) 03 What is the Meaning of Life? (Williams/McLachlan) 04 The Four Signs (Williams) 05 What is the Meaning of Life? Reprise (Williams/McLachlan) 06 Farewell (Williams) 07 The Middle Path (Williams) 08 Sujata’s Song (Williams) 09 The Struggle (Williams) 10 The Enlightenment/The Teaching (Williams) 11 The Senses Reprise (Williams/McLachlan)
25/03/201719:29(Xem: 3157)
Hôm nay là ngày 22/2/2017, chúng tôi, phái đoàn Phật giáo Việt Nam, đã được anh Norway mời đến văn phòng để cầu nguyện bình an cho công ty. Nhân đây, chúng tôi xin chia sẻ đến toàn thể quý vị những bước chân thiền hành đem đến sự an lạc cho quý vị ngay trong giây phút này.
20/03/201707:01(Xem: 3943)
We warmly invite you to be part of the Vesak Friendship Dinner at Quang Minh Temple on Saturday 22nd April. Below for you is the Vesak Friendship Dinner flyer. Please print out, display and circulate among your community for everyone to come along... Book Your Tickets and Tables Today The Vesak Friendship Dinner brings our diverse and growing VictorianBuddhist community together for a social evening, vegetarian cuisine and traditional and cultural performances by groups from across Melbourne.
01/03/201722:16(Xem: 6875)
Recently I was asked why I love Buddhism. So here are 7 answers for why I love, appreciate, respect, study, practise and share the precious Buddha Dharma. Some answers are short and sweet, while others are in more detail. Of course I could give many more answers and more details, however I've kept it to just 7, for the benefit of easy reading.
01/03/201715:11(Xem: 2606)
Don't live like a fish in Egypt, a frog in a well, or an emu or ostrich with its head in the sand. 1) "Don’t be like a fish in Egypt, and live in denial (the Nile river). LOL." This quote, or joke with meaning, "Don't be like a fish in Egypt, and live in denial (the Nile River)", was something that just popped out of my mouth while teaching a Dharma class a few years ago at a monthly half-day Buddhist youth retreat. The classes were simply entitled 'Q&A' and we would give each class a name that related to the subject matter at the end of the class. The subject matter was determined by the questions asked by the students.
09/01/201706:58(Xem: 6832)
Every morning when I read the news, there are so many reports on war and destruction happening all over the world. This sometimes leads me to feel overwhelmed, helpless and somewhat guiltyfor the relatively peaceful life I have. How do Itransform these feelings of sadness, anger and helplessness into something a lot more productive and constructive?
26/10/201606:19(Xem: 5922)
Seven Wonders of the Buddhist World | BBC Documentary | with English Subtitles, Over thirty years ago I sat and watched a programme on British television about Tutankhamen. I still remember the frisson - the realisation that the stories I'd heard; of boy-kings dripping in gold; of hidden burial chambers and court intrigue could, sometimes, be true. That BBC documentary was inspirational. I've been fortunate enough to spend my adult life following my own research interests - and delight in being able to share the results with a wider public.
26/10/201605:34(Xem: 13596)
In India in the 6th century BC, Sakyamuni, "a wise man of the Sakya tribe", had been meditating under a tree when, suddenly, he was struck with the comprehension of all things. He became Buddha, meaning the « Illuminated ». His message, based on a pragmatic philosophy, taught how to free oneself from all needs in order to achieve illumination. After the death of the Enlightened One, his disciples – a few monks – began to spread his teachings all over India, from Ceylon to the Himalayan. Fearing man’s penc