Tu Viện Quảng Đức105 Lynch Rd, Fawkner, Vic 3060. Australia. Tel: 9357 3544. quangduc@quangduc.com* Viện Chủ: TT Tâm Phương, Trụ Trì: TT Nguyên Tạng   

125th Anniversary of Birth of Venerable Dr Balangoda Ananda Maitreya Mahanayaka Thera Aggamaha Pandita Abhidhaja Maharatthaguru DLitt DLitt (23rd August 1896 - 18th July 1998)

20/08/202108:34(Xem: 579)
125th Anniversary of Birth of Venerable Dr Balangoda Ananda Maitreya Mahanayaka Thera Aggamaha Pandita Abhidhaja Maharatthaguru DLitt DLitt (23rd August 1896 - 18th July 1998)

Most Ven Balangoda Ananda Maitreya


125th Anniversary of Birth of Venerable Dr Balangoda Ananda Maitreya
Mahanayaka Thera Aggamaha Pandita Abhidhaja Maharatthaguru
DLitt DLitt (23rd August 1896 - 18th July 1998)


By Jacquetta Gomes Bodhicarini Upasika Jayasili
Buddhist Group of Kendal (Theravada) BGKT

 

Venerable Ananda Maitreya was one of the most respected Buddhist monks of the twentieth century in Sri Lanka.

Venerable Ananda Maitreya was born near Balangoda in Sri Lanka. He was ordained as a novice on 2 March 1911 in Sri Lanka. His upasampada [higher ordination] was conducted on 14 July 1916 in Balangoda Sri Lanka. Although he travelled overseas, he remained rooted in Balangoda and opened Dhammananda Pirivena a monastic college for novice Monks in Balangoda.

 

Venerable Ananda Maitreya played important roles in the revival of Buddhism in Sri Lanka. He served as a lecturer in Pali, Sanskrit and Sinhalese at Ananda College in Colombo. When Nalanda College in Colombo was opened in 1925, he became the first teacher of Buddhism On opening in 1959 Vidyodaya University appointed him a Professor of Mahayana Buddhism in 1959, Dean of the Faculty of Buddhist studies in 1963, and Vice Chancellor in 1966.  In 1969, Venerable Ananda Maitreya was appointed as the Mahanayaka [Head] of Amarapura Nikaya of the Sangha in Sri Lanka.

 

His most famous role was as a participant at the historic sixth Sangayama [Buddhist Council], held in Burma in 1954-56. That Council was held to coincide with Buddha Jayanthi, the 2500th anniversary of the passing away of the Buddha. Members of the Sangha [Community of Buddhist Monks] from the five Theravada Buddhist countries of South-East Asia (Burma, Cambodia, Laos, Sri Lanka and Thailand) attended this Council. The purpose of these Councils is to rehearse [Sangayama means rehearsal] and compare their respective copies of the Tipitaka [Pali Canon], the Buddhist Scriptures, in order to ensure that purity and accuracy has been maintained over the years. The previous five Councils had all been held under royal patronage in India and Sri Lanka. The Burmese government wished the Sixth Council to produce an authorized version of the Tipitaka [Pali Canon]. Venerable Ananda Maitreya was the Sri Lankan representative on the final editing committee. He had also served as chairman of the Council for a few weeks during its third session in 1956. The Burmese government subsequently conferred upon him the honorific title of Agga Mahapandita [Chief Great Scholar]. After his 100th birthday he was invited to Burma where he received their highest religious title, Abhidhaja Maharatthagura [His Eminence, the Great Spiritual Teacher of the Nation].

 

Venerable Ananda Maitreya visited many countries including Burma, Canada, China, France, India, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nepal, the Phillippines, Singapore and Thailand. He led mediation retreats and gave talks.

 

Venerable Ananda Maitreya first visited England in 1973 to spend the Vassa [rains] retreat at the Buddhist centre at Oakenholt near Oxford. 

 

Venerable Ananda Maitreya became well known in the West in the 1970s through Ronald Eyre’s 1977 BBC TV series The Long Search. Ven Ananda Maitreya appeared in the episode Buddhism: Footprint of the Buddha filmed in Sri Lanka. The book of the series includes a photograph of Venerable Ananda Maitreya.

 

In 1981, Venerable Ananda Maitreya stayed at Cittaviveka Chithurst Monastery in the UK [Forest Sangha tradition]. He convened the assembly which authorized the Abbot of at Cittaviveka Venerable Sumedho to conduct Bhikkhu Ordinations and be a Preceptor. Ordinations have to be conducted on a Sima [bounded area of consecrated ground]; consequently, Venerable Ananda Maitreya conducted the ceremony to establish a Sima at Cittaviveka. The new Sima was named the Ananda Maitreya Sima.

Most Ven Balangoda Ananda Maitreya-2



 

I met Venerable Ananda Maitreya at the London Buddhist Vihara. He authorized me to become a Sangha Authorized Dhamma Teacher in 1983. I was the first person outside the USA to take the Bodhicari Precepts in a ceremony at the London Buddhist Vihara on 3 August 1994, with Venerable Ananda Maitreya as the Preceptor.  The Bodhicari Precepts were developed at the Dharma Vijaya Buddhist Vihara in Los Angeles in 1991, and were approved by Venerable Ananda Maitreya from Sri Lanka. Bodhicaris and Bodhicarinis are “practitioners of the Buddha Dhamma who have attainment of enlightenment as their goal”. Dhamma Vijaya Buddhist Vihara offers 3 sets of Precepts: Upasakas and Upasikas take Panca Sila [five precepts]; Dhammacaris take nine precepts; and Bodhicaris take 12 precepts. The Dhammacari and Bodhicari Precepts are an expansion of the Ajivatthamaka Sila [Eight Precepts with Right Livelihood as the Eighth]. Venerable Ananda Maitreya wrote “The perfect moral conduct or character can be categorised under the Eight Precepts called Ajivatthamaka Sila. These are refraining from eight unwholesome ways, namely, killing, taking what is not given; a life devoted to sensuality; falsehood, slandering, backbiting, harsh speech, gossip; and wrong livelihood. All the good conduct and keeping Precepts or Patimokkha rules of Buddhist monks are included in these eight Precepts”. Nine Special Qualities of a Buddha & Other Essays, 1995 page 16.

 

Venerable Ananda Maitreya gave a talk and wedding blessing at our wedding blessing at The London Buddhist Vihara. The talk he gave is included in the book Buddhism: Lectures and Essays by Venerable Dr Balangoda Ananda Maitreya. This book is available on this website.

 

Venerable Ananda Maitreya and I jointly wrote the booklet Introducing Buddhism to accompany the Introducing Buddhism course I taught on in the 1980s at The Buddhist Society London [the oldest Buddhist organisation in the UK]. Websites offering Introducing Buddhism include Access to Insight, Google Books and TBE Tibetan Buddhist Encyclopedia. Introducing Buddhism has been published by Buddhist organisations in England, Malaysia (as Buddhism A Quick Introduction), Sri Lanka, Taiwan, and the USA. Introducing Buddhism was launched by the BCC Buddhist Cultural Centre Sri Lanka with 24 other books under the patronage of world famous Bhikkhu and author Venerable Dr K. Sri Dhammananda Chief Sangha Nayaka of Malaysia and Singapore on 20 December 1997. The most widely known edition was published in Taiwan by The Corporate Body of the Buddha Educational Foundation. This booklet is available on this website.

 

Venerable Ananda Maitreya died on 18 July 1998 at the age of 101 in Sri Lanka. He had a state funeral in Balangoda his birth place. 400 monks and 100000 lay people attended including representatives from other countries.

 

Our Buddhist Group Buddhist Group of Kendal (Theravada) BGKT is fortunate to have as its Founder Spiritual Advisors Venerable Dr Balangoda Ananda Maitreya Mahanayaka Thera Aggamaha Pandita Abhidhaja Maharatthaguru DLitt DLitt, and Venerable Bhante Henepola Gunaratana Maha Thera (an internationally respected meditation master and author who has been resident in the USA for many years).

 

BGKT was founded in 1991 and will celebrate its 30th anniversary in 2021.

 

https://www.buddhistgroupofkendal.co.uk/

 

https://www.facebook.com/Buddhist-Group-of-Kendal-Theravada-348652228579651

 

By Jacquetta Gomes Bodhicarini Upasika Jayasili
Buddhist Group of Kendal (Theravada) BGKT

 

Bibliography

 

Articles

 

“A Time for Parting”, Bhikkhu Bodhi, Buddhist Publication Society [BPS] Newsletter, (No 40 Third Mailing 1998) (1998).

 

https://bps.lk/library_newsletters.php

 

https://bps.lk/olib/nl/nl040-u.html

 

https://bps.lk/olib/nl/nl040.pdf

 

 

“Most Ven. Balangoda Ananda Maithreya thera”, The Sri Lanka Guardian [Colombo],

(17 July 2010).

 

http://www.srilankaguardian.org/2010/07/most-ven-balangoda-ananda-maithreya.html

 

 

Books


Buddhism: Lectures and Essays. Venerable Dr Balangoda Ananda Maitreya Mahanayaka Thera Aggamaha Pandita DLitt DLitt. Sri Lanka, Colombo, Samayawardhana, 1993. (ISBN 955-570-038-9).
https://quangduc.com/p52208a68742/buddhism-lectures-and-essays

 

Chapter 7 “Family Life” of Venerable Ananda Maitreya’s book Buddhism: Lectures and Essays, is his talk at our wedding blessing at The London Buddhist Vihara
https://quangduc.com/p52208a68822/family-life

 

 

The Dhammapada: The Path of Truth, Translated by Venerable Dr. Balangoda Ananda Maitreya Mahanayaka Thera, Berkeley, California (USA), Parallax Press, 1995. (ISBN 0-938077-87-2).


https://www.parallax.org/product/the-dhammapada/

 

Introducing Buddhism, Venerable Dr Balangoda Ananda Maitreya Mahanayaka Thera Abhidhaja Maharatthaguru Aggamaha Pandita DLitt DLitt, and Jayasili (Jacquetta Gomes), Buddhist Group of Kendal (Theravada), 3rd edition, 2003.

 

https://quangduc.com/a71348/introducing-buddhism-venerable-dr-balangoda-ananda-

 

https://quangduc.com/images/file/c4BCgOBS2QgQACgT/introducing-buddhism-venerable-dr-balangoda-ananda-maitreya.pdf

 

Introducing Buddhism, Venerable Dr Balangoda Ananda Maitreya Mahanayaka Thera Abhidhaja Maharatthaguru Aggamaha Pandita DLitt DLitt, and Jayasili (Jacquetta Gomes), BCC Buddhist Cultural Centre Sri Lanka (1997). (Book code B548) (ISBN 955-9219-90-1).

 

https://www.online.buddhistcc.com/books/introducing-buddhism-1-detail.html

 

https://www.online.buddhistcc.com/

 

Introducing Buddhism. Venerable Dr Balangoda Ananda Maitreya Mahanayaka Thera Abhidhaja Maharatthaguru Aggamaha Pandita DLitt DLitt, and Jayasili (Jacquetta Gomes), Taipei, Taiwan, The Corporate Body of the Buddha Educational Foundation, 2008 reprint of 2007. (Book code EN074).
(This includes as an appendix the booklet: Requirements and Ceremonies for The Five Precepts [Panca Sila], The Eight Precepts with Right Livelihood as the Eighth [Ajivatthamaka Sila], Dhamma Teachers Certificate, issued by the Buddhist Group of Kendal (Theravada) and Ketumati Buddhist Vihara at Wesak 2006, updated February 2010).


http://www.budaedu.org/en/

http://ftp.budaedu.org/ebooks/pdf/EN074.pdf

Nine Special Qualities of the Buddha & Other Essays, Venerable Balangoda Ananda Maitreya, London, World Buddhist Foundation, 1995.

Ronald Eyre On the Long Search: His own account of a three - year journey, London, BBC British Broadcasting Corporation, 1977. (ISBN 0-563-17601-6).

 

Webpages

 

“Spiritual Advisors Venerable Dr Balangoda Ananda Maitreya and Venerable Henepola Gunaratana”

 

https://www.buddhistgroupofkendal.co.uk/spiritual-advisors-venerable-dr-balangoda-ananda-maitreya-and-venerable-henepola-gunaratana/

 

"Ven. Balangoda Ananda Maitreya: A Personal Appreciation", by Bhikkhu Bodhi. Access to Insight (BCBS Edition), 5 June 2010,

 

https://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/bodhi/bam.html

 

 

Gửi ý kiến của bạn
Tắt
Telex
VNI
Tên của bạn
Email của bạn
05/07/201119:55(Xem: 2789)
The Art of Attention by Ven. Pannyavaro
01/07/201115:37(Xem: 2372)
“If music be the food of love, play on. So Shakespeare gloriously states in Twelfth Night.” Music can also play an important role in religious expression, allowing devotees to have an immediate emotional and connection and response to the teachings and events marking significant moments in the religion’s development and daily life. It can be as simple as the beating of drums to accompany a dance and song invoking the spirits, natural forces, or the gods. It can be as complex as an oratorio or requiem composed by Bach, Beethoven, or Verdi. It can be as contemplative and sublime as Gregorian chanting.
22/03/201122:47(Xem: 2752)
The five precepts and the bodhisattva precepts (GDD-403, Master Sheng Yen)
14/03/201105:35(Xem: 1768)
Om Mani Padme Hum What are you going to do if your dreams fall through? Are you going to hide inside your shell? What are you going to say if your dreams fly away? Are you going to be kind to yourself?
10/03/201106:20(Xem: 1801)
May all sentient beings be happy May they live in safety & joy All sentient beings, whether weak or strong Great or small, short or tall Seen or unseen, near or distant Born or to be born, may they all be happy Let no-one deceive or despise another being in any state Let none by anger or hatred wish harm upon another Just as a mother would protect
26/01/201103:13(Xem: 1933)
Truth and Zen Buddhism it is difficult to imagine a pair of more abstruse. yet fascinating, topics, Rather than discuss either one of the two, I will consider them both simultaneously in hopes that, like some schoolboy magician in a chemistry laboratory, I might mix together two murky, colored concoctions and thereby effect-abracadabra-a transparent, clear solution.
26/01/201103:10(Xem: 1632)
It was eight years ago, amid the material comforts of city living and the demanding pressures of academic pursuits, that I first encountered the gentle and profound teachings of the Buddha. At that time a natural curiosity about the nature of the mind, and encounters with the concepts of biology and theoretical physics, had awakened in me a healthy appetite for intellectual nourishment.
25/01/201103:33(Xem: 3736)
In general terms, Right Concentration means establishing the mind rightly. On one level, this can apply to all the factors of the path. You have to start out by setting the mind on Right View. In other words, you use your discernment to gather together all the Dhamma you've heard. Then when you set the mind on Right Resolve, that's also a way of establishing it rightly. Then you set it on Right Speech, speaking only things that are right.
25/01/201103:30(Xem: 2036)
For the beginning meditator I believe it would be helpful to establish an order in the various steps taken in meditation. First, then, it would be wise to establish a place of quiet to which one may retire daily and not be interrupted in his endeavors. Then wash carefully face, hands and feet. Better yet, if time permits, take a cleansing shower and put on loose, comfortable clothes. It is wise to meditate at the same time daily to establish a habit.
25/01/201103:19(Xem: 2084)
In this chapter we will look at the steps of the Noble Eightfold Path that fall into the group known as mental development. We have already noted the interdependent nature of the steps of the path, and in this context it is particularly important to understand the position of mental development. Placed as it is between good conduct and wisdom, mental development is relevant and important to both. You may ask why this should be so. Indeed, people sometimes think simply following the precepts of morality is sufficient for leading a good life.